By 3:25 p.m., all of the hill defenders were back in the gym. Late arrivals had swelled the ranks to almost 400 young men, all untrained but eager. They were forming up again at the sergeant’s command. Frazier climbed the bleachers for the second time that day, and the student soldiers drew to attention. Beads of sweat dribbled down Frazier’s forehead, his nearly drenched uniform stuck to his chest. After thanking the men for going out on patrol to defend St. Louis Heights, he got to the point.

“Governor Poindexter has issued a proclamation stating that all of you are eligible to be activated into the Hawaii Territorial Guard. Those who volunteer will remain at attention to take the oath; those who wish to remain a civilian, fall out.”

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